Diabetes is a chronic disease that has become an increasing burden around the world. Unfortunately, diabetes will not only deduct years from life, but also life from your years. It is important for you to know the what are the symptoms of diabetes because the sooner the disease is identified; the better your chances are of stopping complications such as loss of sight, removal of limb due to poor wound healing, or premature death.

Symptoms of diabetes One of the well-known symptoms is frequent trips to the bathroom to urinate, which is at times as often as every hour. This takes place since the kidneys try to get rid of excess sugar by pulling more water from the circulation to decrease the sugar and eliminate it as urine. Taking place directly due to excessive urination is disproportionate thirst, another typical symptom seen in diabetics. Diabetes is brought on by insufficient production of insulin or cells ceasing to be reacting to insulin. In both mechanisms, the glucose cannot get into the cells, causing cellular starvation. However, the ensuing high levels of insulin in the bloodstream stimulates hunger which makes sufferers of diabetes experience insatiable hunger that causes them to overindulge and gain weight. The cellular starvation will eventually force the body to burn muscle tissue and fats for energy, which in turn causes loss of mass. As a result of cellular starvation, one may also feel weak or experience easy fatigability.

Delayed wound healing is also another commonly cited symptom of this disorder and this results from high blood sugar levels stopping white blood cells from working normally. Diabetes is also related to thickening of the blood vessels which prevents good flow of both oxygen and nutrients distal of the stricture. This is why diabetics must take care of their foot because injuries that do not fully or easily heal might get infected and necrotize. In such circumstance, the limb may be removed to prevent systemic infection.

Blurred eyesight is not pathognomonic for diabetes but is often present in patients with untreated or poorly treated diabetes. This is also a result of the atherosclerotic changes that occur as a result of diabetes.

If you suffer from these symptoms, you should talk to your physician at the earliest opportunity so that you can be evaluated for diabetes. It can’t be stressed enough, the sooner the diabetes is caught, the better your chances will be of preventing more life-threatening complications to your health. Diagnosis for diabetes is usually performed through blood work up, which is relatively cheap and will not cause a lot of pain or trouble. Despite the fact that diabetes has no cure, it can be managed with hypoglycemic drugs, and lifestyle changes.

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