The number of people with diabetes, especially Type II Diabetes, is rising around the world. In fact, based on a report by the WHO issued last August 2011, there are approximately 346 million people worldwide who suffer from diabetes. There is a very good reason to be troubled about this phenomena because along with this is an increase in the number of deaths because of diabetes. In 2004, around 3.4 million people passed away from complications of diabetes and the WHO projects that taking into account the present rate at which diabetes deaths are increasing, this number will double between 2005 and 2030.

Why People Become Diabetic

Diabetes is a chronic disorder which arises either because the pancreas is unable to yield adequate insulin as in the case of Type I diabetes or if the body cannot efficiently use the available insulin as in the case of adult onset diabetes. Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is also not uncommon, in such case, it is known as gestational diabetes.

What are the symptoms and signs of diabetes There are 3 main diabetes symptoms, namely, frequent hunger pangs, polyuria or excessive urine production which also leads to the third symptom: unquenchable thirst. Diabetics may also suffer from rapid weight reduction, exhaustion, lesions that don’t heal as well or as quickly, vision changes, as well as dry and itchy skin. In some cases, diabetics also report headaches, prickling sensation in the limbs and increased frequency of infections.

Complications of diabetes Diabetes increases the risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke. Also, the diminished blood flow, neuropathy, and delayed wound healing in the lower limbs increases the chance of foot ulcers and probable amputation. Loss of vision as a result of retinopathy is also quite prevalent for poorly managed diabetes. This disease of affluence has an effect on all major organs in the body, most significantly the kidneys. In essence, diabetes reduces the length and quality of one’s life.

Prevention Some lifestyle changes are recognized to lessen the likelihood of getting diabetes. You need to keep a healthy body weight by exercising often and following a well-balanced diet. Experts suggest spending at least half an hour of regular, moderate intensity activity on most days, and invest more hours if you have to lose weight. It’s also wise to comply with a diet with reduced sugar and saturated fat intake.

How diabetes is diagnosed and treated

The earlier it is that diabetes is discovered, the better. Diagnosis can be accomplished by blood testing, which is inexpensive. Treating diabetes would involve lifestyle changes, hypoglycemics which are taken by mouth, and in certain cases, regular insulin injections. Routine checkup is also essential to monitor the development of diabetes complications for instance retinopathy.

For more information on symptoms of diabetes, follow the link.